Full Definition of Darwinism
1: a theory of the origin and perpetuation of new species of animals and plants that offspring of a given organism vary, that natural selection favors the survival of some of these variations over others, that new species have arisen and may continue to arise by these processes, and that widely divergent groups of plants and animals have arisen from the same ancestors — compare evolution 4, neo-Darwinism
2: a theory that inherent dynamic forces allow only the fittest persons or organizations to prosper in a competitive environment or situation <economic Darwinism> — compare Social Darwinism
Or more simply put:
Darwinism = theory of Charles Darwin about how plant and animal species develop.
How Do Living Things Develop According To Darwin?
- All life has a common ancestor
- Evolution IS NOT a planned process and therefore HAS NO END GOALS OR GAME.
- It is a process by which organisms change over time as a result of changes to their inheritable physical and/or behavioral traits.
In other words, its all in the genes! However, the makeup of living beings is not the only factor to be taken into consideration.
- The process of Evolution consists of two parts. Those parts are the changes within a living organism and alterations within the organisms natural environment which demand change in order to best adapt and survive or risk elimination.
- Evolution has four mechanisms that both define and have purpose in the process.
- Mutation – The initial change. (Example: DNA not replicating perfectly resulting in a change in chromosome numbers.)
- Natural Selection – A process in nature in which organisms possessing certain genotypic characteristics that make them better adjusted to an environment tend to survive, reproduce, increase in number or frequency, and therefore, are able to transmit and perpetuate their essential genotypic qualities to succeeding generations.
- Recombination – The combining of genes, chromosomes, traits of two living organisms. (Example: Sexual reproduction of mammals, or two parents having a baby.)
- Gene Flow – Also known as gene migration, is the transfer of alleles or genes from one population to another.
What Else Should We Know About Evolution?
- Evolution is ongoing and inevitable.
Basically, we are evolving. We are constantly changing due to our genetic material as well as the ever changing world in which we live. There is nothing we can do about it.
2. Evolution leads to extinction.
Bad news folks, we are all going to die inevitably. Also, likely much like the mammoth species and others that no longer walk the earth….Our Days Are Numbered.
3. Competition is an initial as well as key part of our survival.
It is a rather grim and bleak picture, yes? No wonder a number who pride themselves in calling themselves Evolutionists believe those of us who are Creationists to be desperately clinging to a fairy tale like hope! This situation…this outlook on life…it is enough to make a number of us sink into a feeling of despair or hopelessness!